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雅鲁藏布江异齿裂腹鱼种群资源状况及其养护措施
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作者:马宝珊1 2  王思博1 3  邵俭4 5  李大鹏1 3  谢从新1 3  刘香江1 3  霍斌1 3 
单位:1. 华中农业大学水产学院, 湖北 武汉 430070;
2. 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所, 湖北 武汉 430223;
3. 华中农业大学水产学院, 池塘健康养殖湖北省工程实验室, 湖北 武汉 430070;
4. 贵州大学动物科学学院, 贵州 贵阳 550025;
5. 贵州大学, 高原山地动物遗传育种与繁殖教育部重点实验室, 贵州 贵阳 550025
关键词:异齿裂腹鱼 单位补充量模型 种群资源 渔业养护措施 
分类号:S931
出版年·卷·期(页码):2020·27·1(106-117)
摘要:
异齿裂腹鱼(Schizothorax oconnori Lloyd)为中国特有种,由于过度捕捞和生物入侵等因素,其种群生存受到极大威胁。2008年8月至2009年8月在西藏雅鲁藏布江拉孜至尼木江段共采集异齿裂腹鱼1126尾,利用单位补充量模型对其种群资源利用现状及其养护措施进行了研究。结果表明,雌性和雄性异齿裂腹鱼年总瞬时死亡率(Z)分别为0.11/a和0.16/a,雌、雄种群自然死亡率(M)范围分别为0.08/a~0.09/a和0.10/a~0.12/a,雌雄鱼的当前捕捞死亡率(Fcur)范围分别为0.02/a~0.03/a和0.04/a~0.06/a。异齿裂腹鱼雌鱼种群繁殖潜力比范围为61.7%~73.1%,全部高于目标参考点(40%),雄鱼种群繁殖潜力比范围为48.5%~63.3%,全部高于目标参考点(40%)。这表明在现有的资源养护措施下,异齿裂腹鱼种群的利用基本合理,但要防止长期持续利用对种群的不利影响。14种不同养护措施模拟结果表明,将异齿裂腹鱼的起捕年龄设置为不小于17龄或禁渔期至少设置为2-5月,可实现对其资源的有效养护。
Schizothorax oconnori, an endemic species in China, has been threatened by overfishing, and biological invasion, among other factors. A total of 1126 individuals were collected between August 2008 and August 2009 from Lhaze to Nyemo on the Yarlung Zangbo River, Tibet. The population resources and fishery conversation policies of the fish were studied using per-recruit models. The total instantaneous annual mortality (Z) of S. oconnori was 0.11/a for females and 0.16/afor males. The ranges of natural mortality (M) for females and males were 0.08/a-0.09/aand 0.10/a-0.12/a, respectively. The range of the current fishing mortality (Fcur) was 0.02/a-0.03/a for females and 0.04/a-0.06/afor males. The range of the spawning potential ratio of S. oconnori was 61.7%-73.1% for females and 48.5%-63.3% for males, both of which were significantly higher than the target reference point (40%). This indicates that the stock of S. oconnori could be reasonably exploited under the current fishery conversation policy, but special attention should be paid to the stock of S. oconnori in case of over-exploitation in the long-term. To evaluate the protective effects of capture age and seasonal closure, 14 different fishery conversation policies were simulated. The results suggest that the stock of S. oconnori could be effectively conserved by enhancing the capture age to 17 years or above and allocating seasonal closure from at least February to May.
该文献标准引用格式:
MA Baoshan, WANG Sibo, SHAO Jian, LI Dapeng, XIE Congxin, LIU Xiangjiang, HUO Bin,.Population resources and fishery conversation policies of Schizothorax oconnori in the Yarlung Zangbo River[J].Journal of Fishery Sciences of China,2020,27(1):106-117.[马宝珊, 王思博, 邵俭, 李大鹏, 谢从新, 刘香江, 霍斌,.雅鲁藏布江异齿裂腹鱼种群资源状况及其养护措施[J].中国水产科学,2020,27(1):106-117.]
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